Researchers Identify 106 Bright Member Stars of Sagittarius Stream with LAMOST Data (Astronomy)

LAMOST Complete Spectroscopic Survey of Pointing Area (LaCoSSPAr) at the Southern Galactic Cap provides a good sample for substructures study in the halo due to its completeness and deep limiting magnitude.

Based on LaCoSSPAr data, researchers led by Prof. ZHAO Jingkun from National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) identified 106 bright member stars of Sagittarius stream, which provided good candidates for follow-up observations with high-resolution spectroscopy for this stream.

The study was published in The Astrophysical Journal on Nov. 20. 

The Sagittarius stream, the debris of the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy accreted by the Milky Way, is the most prominent stellar stream around the Milky Way. 

“This typical stellar stream has been widely studied by astronomers, since it can be used to constrain the Galactic potential and help us to recover the merging history between the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy and the Milky Way,” said Prof. ZHAO, the first author of the paper. “So far, most studies on Sagittarius stream mainly focus on its global properties. However, in our work, we investigated the stream in the two local areas of LaCoSSPAr in detail.” 

By combining the radial velocities from LAMOST and the proper motions from Gaia, the researchers identified 106 reliable member stars of Sagittarius stream. The analysis results of the alpha abundance pattern indicated that the chemical evolution of the stream progenitor, namely the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy, would likely be slower than the Milky Way.

Moreover, different positions of the two areas on the stream orbit enabled the study of the metallicity gradient, and the researchers found that the metallicity varied slowly along the stream orbit. 

“The two areas in the Southern Galactic Cap are like magnifying glasses,” said Prof. WU Hong, the planner of LaCoSSPAr. “They provide two small windows demonstrating the local properties of the Sagittarius stream, and are of great significance to understand the evolution of this stream.”

Featured image: The orbit of the Sagittarius stream (Image by David R. Law) 

Reference: J. K. Zhao, X. H. Ye, H. Wu et al., “Two Portions of the Sagittarius Stream in the LAMOST Complete Spectroscopic Survey of Pointing Area at the Southern Galactic Cap”, ApJ 904(1), 61, 2021.

Provided by Chinese Academy of Sciences

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