Study Identifies New Targets in the Angiogenesis Process (Medicine)

Angiogenesis is a process of new vessel formation that is activated both in physiological (tissue repair, reproduction, etc.) and pathological (myocardial infarction, diabetic retinopathy, cancer, etc.) conditions. The process is carried out by endothelial cells and includes their proliferation, migration and arrangement in tubes. Angiogenesis regulation is precise and is mainly mediated by pro-angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which in turn promote different signalling pathways leading to an increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations.

The researchers from the Cardiovascular Pathophysiology group at the Institute of Biomedicine of Seville (IBiS) focused on precisely this point, demonstrating that the inhibition of certain proteins involved in the pathway’s regulation drastically affects the proper development of blood vessels. Specifically, these researchers demonstrated, for the first time, the involvement of SARAF, a SOCE regulatory protein, and Orai1, a subunit that forms the pore of the SOCE channel, in the VEGF-mediated activation of endothelial cells. Likewise, the research group has shown the importance of this Ca2+ pathway in the formation of new vessels and in the development of retinal vascularisation in neonatal mice. Thus, Orai1 and SARAF can be viewed as targets for the design of therapeutic strategies that could control angiogenesis in pathological situations such as cancer or retinopathies, or physiological situations such as post-infarction cardiac neovascularisation.

The study was funded by Spain’s Agencia Estatal de Investigación (State Research Agency) and was the result of collaboration with Dr. Rosado of the University of Extremadura, and with Dr. Khatib of the University of Bordeaux – LAMC INSERM 1029, France.

Featured image: Blocking the Orai1- and SARAF-dependent calcium pathway affects retinal vessel formation, the development of new vessels from aortic rings, as well as the proliferation, migration and tube arrangement of endothelial cells, all of which are models for angiogenesis studies. © Universidad de Sevilla


Reference: Isabel Galeano-Otero et al., “SARAF and Orai1 Contribute to Endothelial Cell Activation and Angiogenesis”, Front. Cell Dev. Biol., 04 March 2021 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.639952


Provided by University of Seville

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