Topological semimetals are one of the major discoveries in condensed-matter physics in recent years. The magnetic Weyl semimetal, in which the Weyl nodes can be generated and modulated by magnetization, provides an ideal platform for the investigation of the magnetic field-tunable link between Weyl physics and magnetism. But due to the lack of appropriate or high quality specimens, most of the theoretically expected magnetic topological semimetals have not been experimentally confirmed. Therefore, exploration of new magnetic topological semimetals is of great importance.
Recently, researchers from the High Magnetic Field Laboratory of the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), in collaboration with researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Anhui University, resolved magnetic structures of different topological semimetals with the help of Resistive Magnet of China’s Steady High Magnetic Field Facility (SHMFF) of HFIPS.
The team performed an investigation on high-quality single crystals of PrAlGe and DySb. For PrAlGe, the intrinsic ferromagnetic ordering acts as a Zeeman coupling to split the spin-up and spin-down bands, but the whole band structure is still kept. The study of magnetism suggested that the magnetic interaction in PrAlGe is of a 2D Ising type, revealing a uniaxial magnetic interaction along the c axis. However, the ordering moments are tilted from the c axis, which causes antiferromagnetism in the ab plane.
As for DySb, a field-induced tricritical phenomenon is revealed. Based on the magnetization analysis, a detailed H-T phase diagram around the phase transition is constructed when the magnetic field is applied along  direction.
This phase diagram is indicative of delicate competition and balance between multiple magnetic interactions in these systems and lays a solid foundation for future research in topological transition and criticality.
Featured image. H-T phase diagram for DySb. (Image by ZHANG Lei)
References: Wei Liu, Dandan Liang, Fanying Meng, Jun Zhao, Wenka Zhu, Jiyu Fan, Li Pi, Changjin Zhang, Lei Zhang, and Yuheng Zhang, “Field-induced tricritical phenomenon and multiple phases in DySb”, Phys. Rev. B 102, 174417 – Published 10 November 2020. Link to paper (2) Wei Liu, Jun Zhao, Fanying Meng, Azizur Rahman, Yongliang Qin, Jiyu Fan, Li Pi, Zhaoming Tian, Haifeng Du, Lei Zhang, and Yuheng Zhang, “Critical behavior of the magnetic Weyl semimetal PrAlGe”, Phys. Rev. B 103, 214401 – Published 1 June 2021. Link to paper