Daily Practice Of Three-step Breathing Exercise Associated With A Lower Percentage of COVID-19 (Physiology)

Apurvakumar Pandya and colleagues in their recent paper, assess the prevalence of Covid-19 infection among people practicing threestep rhythmic breathing (3SRB) exercise and those who were not practising. Their study indicated that the prevalence of Covid-19 is lower among people practicing 3SRB compared to those who are not practicing 3SRB. Their study recently appeared in medRxiv.

Three-Step Breathing exercise is a breathing pattern that aids an individual breathe in rhythm with nature. It is a slow and deep breathing technique founded by Yogi Sri Soli Tavaria. It is also known as refining exercises and is believed to cleanse impurities from the mind and the body. Studies on the effect of Three Step Rhythmic Breathing (3SRB) on COVID-19 remain unknown. There are many claims that breathing exercises can strengthen the lungs and may be beneficial for reducing the impact of COVID-19 before, during, and after it strikes. Now, Apurvakumar Pandya and colleagues attempted to determine the prevalence of COVID-19 among people practicing 3SRB exercise and those who are not practicing 3SRB exercise in India.

They conducted a community-based cross-sectional observational study and collected data using a self-constructed online google survey tool from July 2020 to August 2020.

Out of a total 1083 sample, a higher proportion of the participants (41.3%) belonged to the 34-49 years age group, followed by the age group of 50-65 (32.5%). The sample was almost equally distributed; about 51.9% of the population was male, and 48.4% were female.

They found that, COVID-19 positivity was recorded almost double (3.1%) in groups not practicing 3SRB exercises compared to a group (1.3%) practicing 3SRB exercises. Furthermore, the practice of 3SRB was significantly associated with a lower percentage of COVID-19 infection (p=0.046).

Their study is the first to show that the daily practice of 3SRB, associated with a lower percentage of COVID-19 infection. However, future study with a robust methodology is required to validate the findings of this study and determine the effects of 3SRB on physiological and biological markers.

Reference: Apurvakumar Pandya, Dileep Mavalankar, Pravin Maithia, “Three-step rhythmic breathing exercise and COVID-19: A cross-sectional study”, medRxiv 2021.07.07.21259527; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.07.07.21259527

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