Study Reveals Missing Link Between High-fat Diet, Microbiota and Heart Disease (Food)

A high-fat diet disrupts the biology of the gut’s inner lining and its microbial communities—and promotes the production of a metabolite that may contribute to heart disease, according to a study published Aug. 13 in the journal Science. The discoveries in animal models support a key role for the intestines and microbiota in the development of … Continue reading Study Reveals Missing Link Between High-fat Diet, Microbiota and Heart Disease (Food)

Providing Vitamins to Women Who Mainly Eat Polished White Rice Can Boost Infant Health (Food)

Polished white rice is a staple of diets in Southeast Asia, which poses a serious public health problem because the grain has been stripped of its vitamins and minerals during processing, according to new research by UO scientists. White rice lacks thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, an essential nutrient for humans because it helps … Continue reading Providing Vitamins to Women Who Mainly Eat Polished White Rice Can Boost Infant Health (Food)

Starving Pneumonia-causing Bacteria Of Their Favourite “Food” Holds Promise For New Antibiotics (Biology)

Researchers have determined the structure of the unique ‘gateway’ that pneumococcus uses to steal manganese from the body. Australian researchers have revealed how the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) obtains the essential nutrient, manganese, from our bodies, which could lead to better therapies to target what is a life-threatening, antibiotic-resistant pathogen. Pneumococcus is one of the world’s deadliest … Continue reading Starving Pneumonia-causing Bacteria Of Their Favourite “Food” Holds Promise For New Antibiotics (Biology)

Food Scientists Create National Atlas For Deadly Listeria (Biology)

Among the deadliest of foodborne pathogens, Listeria monocytogenessoon may become easier to track down in food recalls and other investigations, thanks to a new genomic and geological mapping tool created by Cornell food scientists. The national atlas will tell scientists where listeria and other related species reside within the contiguous United States, which could help … Continue reading Food Scientists Create National Atlas For Deadly Listeria (Biology)

Low Glycaemic Diet Shows Meaningful Improvements For People With Diabetes (Food)

For people with diabetes, sticking to a low glycaemic diet results in small but important improvements in blood sugar levels, cholesterol, weight and other risk factors, finds a study published by The BMJ today. These improvements were seen over and above existing drug or insulin therapy, suggesting that a low glycaemic diet might be especially helpful as … Continue reading Low Glycaemic Diet Shows Meaningful Improvements For People With Diabetes (Food)

How Physical Forces Influence Food Digestion Based on Fluid Dynamics? (Biology)

In efforts to fight obesity and enhance drug absorption, scientists have extensively studied how gastric juices in the stomach break down ingested food and other substances. However, less is known about how the complex flow patterns and mechanical stresses produced in the stomach contribute to digestion. Researchers from France, Michigan, and Switzerland built a prototype … Continue reading How Physical Forces Influence Food Digestion Based on Fluid Dynamics? (Biology)

Low-fiber Diet May Lead to Gut Infection Even if You’re Not Overweight (Food)

Diet, more than body mass, may play a role in the risk for gut infection, and eating more fiber could be the key to prevention. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism. “One takeaway from this study is that people who are leaner may have similar risks of gut … Continue reading Low-fiber Diet May Lead to Gut Infection Even if You’re Not Overweight (Food)

Moderate Drinking Linked to Fewer Heart Attacks in People With Heart Disease (Food)

Light to moderate drinking may be associated with a decreased risk of heart attack, stroke, angina or death among those with cardiovascular disease, finds a new study led by a UCL researcher. The new BMC Medicine meta-analysis study suggest that drinking up to 105 grams of alcohol per week – equivalent to 13 UK units of alcohol, … Continue reading Moderate Drinking Linked to Fewer Heart Attacks in People With Heart Disease (Food)

Millet-based Diet Can Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes And Help Manage Blood Glucose Levels (Food)

A new study has shown that eating millets can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and helps manage blood glucose levels in people with diabetes, indicating the potential to design appropriate meals with millets for diabetic and pre-diabetic people as well as for non-diabetic people as a preventive approach. Drawing on research from 11 … Continue reading Millet-based Diet Can Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes And Help Manage Blood Glucose Levels (Food)