Artificial Intelligence Sheds Light On How the Brain Processes Language (Neuroscience)

Neuroscientists find the internal workings of next-word prediction models resemble those of language-processing centers in the brain. In the past few years, artificial intelligence models of language have become very good at certain tasks. Most notably, they excel at predicting the next word in a string of text; this technology helps search engines and texting … Continue reading Artificial Intelligence Sheds Light On How the Brain Processes Language (Neuroscience)

Like Humans, Apes Communicate To Start And End Social Interactions (Language)

When we’re talking to another person, we probably wouldn’t leave without saying goodbye; that would just be impolite. Apes seem to do something similar, researchers report in a study publishing August 11 in the journal iScience, in which they documented apes purposefully using signals to start and then end interactions—a behavior not seen outside of the human … Continue reading Like Humans, Apes Communicate To Start And End Social Interactions (Language)

Learning Foreign Languages Can Affect The Processing Of Music in the Brain (Neuroscience)

Research has shown that a music-related hobby boosts language skills and affects the processing of speech in the brain. According to a new study, the reverse also happens – learning foreign languages can affect the processing of music in the brain. Research Director Mari Tervaniemi from the University of Helsinki’s Faculty of Educational Sciences  investigated, in cooperation with … Continue reading Learning Foreign Languages Can Affect The Processing Of Music in the Brain (Neuroscience)

Researchers Explore How Children Learn Language (Language)

Small children learn language at a pace far faster than teenagers or adults. One explanation for this learning advantage comes not from differences between children and adults, but from the differences in the way that people talk to children and adults. For the first time, a team of researchers developed a method to experimentally evaluate … Continue reading Researchers Explore How Children Learn Language (Language)

Julia Programming Language Tackles Differential Equation Challenges (Computer Science / Maths)

Casting models of a complex system in terms of differential equations on networks allows researchers to use its underlying structure for efficient simulations Emerging open-source programming language Julia is designed to be fast and easy to use. Since it is particularly suited for numerical applications, such as differential equations, scientists in Germany are using it … Continue reading Julia Programming Language Tackles Differential Equation Challenges (Computer Science / Maths)

Bilingualism As A Natural Therapy For Autistic Children (Language)

An international team led by UNIGE demonstrates that the characteristics of bilingualism allow autistic children to compensate for certain fundamental deficits. Affecting more than one in a hundred children, autism spectrum disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. It has a particular impact on social interaction, including difficulties in understanding other people’s perspectives, … Continue reading Bilingualism As A Natural Therapy For Autistic Children (Language)

‘Sticky’ Speech And Other Evocative Words May Improve Language (Language)

New study finds that iconicity in parents’ speech helps children learn new words Some words sound like what they mean. For example, “slurp” sounds like the noise we make when we drink from a cup, and “teeny” sounds like something that is very small. This resemblance between how a word sounds and what it means … Continue reading ‘Sticky’ Speech And Other Evocative Words May Improve Language (Language)

Ancestors May Have Created ‘Iconic’ Sounds as Bridge to First Languages (Language)

The ‘missing link’ that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures – giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals. It was widely believed that, in order to get the … Continue reading Ancestors May Have Created ‘Iconic’ Sounds as Bridge to First Languages (Language)

UCLA Scientists Decode the ‘Language’ of Immune Cells (Medicine)

The advance, researchers say, is like the discovery of the Rosetta stone and could eventually lead to new treatments for diseases UCLA life scientists have identified six “words” that specific immune cells use to call up immune defense genes — an important step toward understanding the language the body uses to marshal responses to threats. … Continue reading UCLA Scientists Decode the ‘Language’ of Immune Cells (Medicine)