Did Nature Or Nurture Shape The Milky Way’s Most Common Planets? (Planetary Science)

A Carnegie-led survey of exoplanet candidates identified by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanets Satellite Survey  (TESS) is laying the groundwork to help astronomers understand how the Milky Way’s most common planets formed and evolved, and determine why our Solar System’s pattern of planetary orbits and sizes is so unusual.  Carnegie’s Johanna Teske, Tsinghua University’s Sharon Wang (formerly … Continue reading Did Nature Or Nurture Shape The Milky Way’s Most Common Planets? (Planetary Science)

Study Identifies DNA Signatures Linked to Heart Disease (Biology)

A new study identifies DNA signatures associated with risk for cardiovascular disease, a discovery that could lead to opportunities for clinical intervention years before symptoms manifest. Based on analyses of data from five large heart cohort studies of diverse populations, the findings are published in the journal JAMA Cardiology. “The science is rapidly advancing in the … Continue reading Study Identifies DNA Signatures Linked to Heart Disease (Biology)

uGMRT Uncovers the Signature of A Cannon Ball Fired From The Sun, Using Pulsars! (Planetary Science)

A group of nearly 20 astronomers, under the banner of Indian Pulsar Timing Array (InPTA), have for the first time detected the effect of a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) from the Sun in the signal from a millisecond pulsar using the upgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (uGMRT). This space weather effect on a pulsar from … Continue reading uGMRT Uncovers the Signature of A Cannon Ball Fired From The Sun, Using Pulsars! (Planetary Science)

NuSTAR Reveals the Hidden Nature of SS433 (Planetary Science)

Known as ultraluminous X-ray sources, the emitters are easy to spot when viewed straight on, but they might be hidden from view if they point even slightly away from Earth. It’s hard to miss a flashlight beam pointed straight at you. But that beam viewed from the side appears significantly dimmer. The same holds true … Continue reading NuSTAR Reveals the Hidden Nature of SS433 (Planetary Science)

Researchers Shed Light On The Nature of the Bitumen Surface (Material Science)

Although the history of bitumen dates back to the third millennium BC, only little is known about its surface structure. Researchers from TU Wien are now shedding light on the nature of the bitumen surface using physicochemical analyses. While atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy have already provided information on the morphology of bitumen … Continue reading Researchers Shed Light On The Nature of the Bitumen Surface (Material Science)

Cellular Signatures Of Kidney Tumors Discovered (Medicine)

This method of identification holds promise as a tool for diagnosing patients with rare cancers The origins of seven types of kidney cancer, including several rare subtypes, have been identified by researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH), the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology and Oncode Institute. The findings confirm … Continue reading Cellular Signatures Of Kidney Tumors Discovered (Medicine)

Scientists Detect Signatures Of Life Remotely (Astronomy)

It could be a milestone on the path to detecting life on other planets: Scientists under the leadership of the University of Bern and of the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) PlanetS detect a key molecular property of all living organisms from a helicopter flying several kilometers above ground. The measurement technology could … Continue reading Scientists Detect Signatures Of Life Remotely (Astronomy)

A Distinctive Inflammatory Signature Found in a Genetic Form of ALS (Medicine)

Researchers find an increase in inflammatory molecules in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of C90RF72 patients, informing future anti-inflammatory therapies Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a neurodegenerative disease that strikes nearly 5,000 people in the U.S. every year. About 10% of ALS cases are inherited or familial, often caused by … Continue reading A Distinctive Inflammatory Signature Found in a Genetic Form of ALS (Medicine)

Scientists Discover Gene Signature For Plaque-eating Microglia in Alzheimer’s Disease (Neuroscience)

Single-cell gene studies are clarifying the roles of the brain’s specialised immune cell in Alzheimer’s disease and offer new avenues for treatment of this incurable condition. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia and is characterised by the build-up of amyloid plaques in the brain. Microglia, the immune sentinels of the brain, are … Continue reading Scientists Discover Gene Signature For Plaque-eating Microglia in Alzheimer’s Disease (Neuroscience)